Lots of dogs have no manners, and their owners are at a loss as to how to teach them manners. So these hapless folks frequently end up hollaring at poor dogs or smacking on the butt with an open palm or a newspaper. Even worse, when they don’t shape up, he’s banished to the backyard to live his days in solitude, or he’s taken to the pound because “we just can’t deal with them anymore.”

Training would be a cinch if dogs spoke the same language that people speak. Dogs have their own attitudes, voice and body language, and mindset. They can be stubborn, dominant, submissive, or fearful, characteristics that can make them difficult to train.